Methodology

WORKPACKAGE 4: Scout system design and analysis

The objective of this Workpackage is the design and analysis of the SCOUT multitech system. Innovative technologies are considered as new tools for the protection of the space control ground stations facilities against physical and cyber attacks. SCOUT also offers a network reconfiguration system, to be used in the case of failure.

Workpackage 4.1.- SCOUT architecture definition

The architecture of SCOUT will be detailed on the basis of the system requirement coming out from Workpackage 2, and considering the constraints imposed by the space control ground station vulnerabilities, obtained by using the risk analysis tools.

Workpackage 4.2.- Sensor network subsystem (SENSNET)

The following sensors will be considered: passive, radiometric, and noise radar, infrared cameras, and RFID sensors. A sensor displacement tool, which is based on the actual donor network distribution and characteristics, will be developed for optimum location of the SCOUT sensors in the SCOUT system. A wireless network ad hoc solution will be designed for data transfer form sensor to the data processing unit. Distributed detection and tracking techniques making use of multiple sensors will be developed. Co-registration and georeferencing of detections and tracks must be carried before fusion. A common representation of the outcomes will be produced on a Common Operational Picture.

Workpackage 4.3.- Cybersecurity sensor network subsystem (CYBERSENS)

The CYBERSENS functionalities will be specified. The different parts to define are: the IDS/IPS functionality; the firewall infrastructure; the detection technique to be used in IDS/IPS; the last generation Honeynet infrastructure; the encryption and traffic generation mechanisms. The specification of the response engine that must connect CYBERSENS with RECOVER will be carried out.

Workpackage 4.4.- Network recovery subsystem (RECOVER)

A management network system for automatic restoration and intelligence reconfiguration of the space control ground station network, will be designed in accordance to the distributed Smart Sensor Network paradigm, where the reconfiguration and control is governed by distributed logic.

Workpackage 4.5.- Control and decision support subsystem

A control and decision support system will be developed in accordance with the Q-AI approach. All the proposed techniques must correctly operate even in case of uncomplete or noisy data.

Workpackage 4.6.- Graphical User Interface design and analysis

The Graphical User Interface of the SCOUT system shall be capable of showing the surveillance area to provide the user a situational awareness of the perimeter area, as well as cyber intrusions on the station. With respect to the specific scenario under consideration, the GUI will provide condensed information concerning the behaviour of detected tracked and classified threats.